"Know, therefore, my children, that two spirits wait upon man-the spirit of TRUTH and the spirit of DECEIT.
And in the midst is the spirit of understanding of the mind, to which it belongeth to turn whithersoever it will And the works of TRUTH and the works of DECEIT are written upon the hearts of men, and each one of them YHWH knoweth." TOJ 3:46-47
The Essene community was an organized group. According to their ‘Manual of Discipline/Community Rules’ they wrote that man was created with two spirits:
“Man was created with ‘Two Spirits,’ that he might walk by them until the appointed time of his visitation; they are the spirit of TRUTH and of ERROR…Thus far the spirits of TRUTH and of ERROR struggle in the heart of a man; they walk in wisdom and folly; and according to each man’s inheritance in TRUTH he does right, and so he hates error; but according to his possession in the lot of ERROR he does wickedly in it, and so he abhors truth. For an equal measure ALHYM has established the two spirits until the period which has been decreed and the making new; and he know the performance of their works for all the periods of eternity. And he causes the sons of men to inherit them, that they may know good and evil, making the lots fall for every living man according to his spirit in the world until the time of visitation.”
Some would say they lived by strict rules, however, because they were Israelites, they followed the instructions of YHWH. If you don’t live by Torah (instructions) or understand Torah, and you choose to live by your own commands and not the commands of YHWH, then Yes! you would feel they were strict rules this community of Israelites were living by.
Here is a quote from Millar Burrows, who wrote the book “The Dead Sea Scrolls” about “Community Rules” that were found:
“Two pieces of the leather were already separated when they were found by the Bedouins... They are considered one scroll and they are designated 1QS, which stands for Cave 1/ Qumran “Serekh” = ’rule’. This scroll is referred to as, “The Manual of Discipline…” The title is not given in the text itself but, came to mind when I first read the text in Jerusalem in March 1948. I was reminded of the manual of discipline of the Methodist Church. Sukenik, at the suggestion of Henoch Yalon, proposed later the Hebrew title Serek ha-Yahad (“The Order of the Community”) ... The Original title, if there was one, has been lost, because the beginning of the scroll, had been damaged and detached before the manuscript came into the possession of Archbishop Samuel. Among the fragments, later purchased by the Palestine Museum, were two almost complete columns that apparently belonged to the manuscript.” – The Dead Sea Scrolls by Millar Burrows pg. 24-26
While you are reading “The Manual of Discipline/Community Rules,” you will notice that a lot of what the Essenes community was doing, the Netzarim (Apostles) were following. So, what we have done is added scriptures to help with seeing the comparison between both groups’ lifestyle. For example, within the community rules it is stated to the members that, after two years of proving yourself worthy to walk in the spirit of TRUTH and not the spirit of Error, by following the community rules, they were to continue too, keep separate from the spirit of Error and it was their duty to "PREPARE THE WAY OF YHWH, make straight in the desert," as it is written (Isaiah 40:1-5). Hint: John the Baptist was declaring and doing this in the wilderness...
Also, the scroll ends with an devotional poem or psalm.
The priest that were among the community were the sons of Zadok. “The sons of Zadok, the priests” are made mention to new members and members of the community, to let them know that, according to The sons of Zadok, shall a decree be decided in all things, whether it concern the Law, or property or justice.” Anyone that wanted to turn away from evil and join the Community, was commanded to return to the Torah.
“At the head of each small group stands a priest. His age and other qualifications are stated in the Damascus Document. The decisions of all matters in the administration of the community belongs to the sons of Aaron. The priests, the sons of Zadok, are guardians of the covenant. A group of twelve laymen and three priests is mentioned in connection with the council of the community.” – The Dead Sea Scrolls by Millar Burrows pg. 232
“They are to separate from the congregation of the men of injustice to become a community in law and in wealth and causing them to turn to the authority of the sons of Zadok, the priests, the ones guarding the covenant.” -1QS 5:1-2
“The priest are the captivity of Israel who went forth from the land of Judah, and the Levites are those who joined them; and the sons of Zadok are the elect of Israel, those who called by name, who will abide at the end of days.” – The Dead Sea Scrolls, by Millar Burrows, Damascus Document pg.352
The sons of Zadok are high priests, kohens, who descended from Zadok, and he descendent from Eleazar the son of Aaron (1Chron. 6:4-8, 1Chron. 6:50-53). Zadok was also a seer (2 Samuel 15:27, 1 Samuel 9:6-9) and a high priest during the time of King David (2 Sam. 8:17). When all Israel went astray and followed after Absalom, king David son. Zadok and his sons were the ones who stayed with David and followed all his commands, he was a faithful priest. Zadok was commanded by David to anoint Solomon to be king (1 King 1:39) and then Zadok became King Solomon first high priest (1 King 2:35). According to Ezekiel 43:19 and Ezekiel 44, during a time when Israel and other Levitical priests were going astray from the ordinances of YHWH, the Levites that were of the SEED of the sons of Zadok, were commanded to be set apart from Israel, to approach unto YHWH to minister unto YHWH, because they kept the charge of YHWH sanctuary. Therefore, the descendants of the sons of Zadok were apart, of the community, in the wilderness, the desert of Qumran, finalizing all decrees in all things, whether it concern the Law, or property or justice.
Note: When reading the original manuscript, you will not see scriptures. We put the scriptures there so that you can see the comparison.
The Essenes, was a group who settled within Qumran, in the Judean desert, and became their own community .
There shall be in the COUNCIL OF THE COMMUNITY, TWELVE MEN (Matt.10:2-4, Mark 3:13-14, Luke 6:13-16, Acts 19:1-7, ) and there shall be three priests who are perfect in all that has been revealed of the whole law, to practice truth and righteousness and justice and loyal love walking humbly each with his neighbor, to preserve faithfulness in the land with sustained purpose and a broken spirit, and to make amends for iniquity by the practice of justice and the distress of tribulation, and to walk with all by the standard of truth and by the regulation of the time.
When these things come to pass in Israel, the council of the community will be established in the TRUTH FOR AN ETERNAL PLANTING, A HOLY HOUSE FOR ISRAEL, A FOUNDATION OF THE HOLY OF HOLIES FOR Aaron, TRUE WITNESSES OF JUSTICE AND THE ELECT BY ALHYM’S WILL (John 14:16), to make atonement for the land and to render to the wicked their recompense, this is the tested wall, a precious cornerstone; its foundations will not tremble or flee from their place. A most holy dwelling for Aaron with eternal knowledge for a covenant of justice and to offer a pleasing fragrance, and a house of perfection and truth in Israel to establish a covenant for eternal statues. And they shall be accepted to make an atonement for the land and to decide the judgement of wickedness, and there shall be no error. When these men have been prepared in the foundation of the community for two years with blameless conduct, they shall be separated in holiness in the midst of the council of the men of the community; and when anything which has been hidden from Israel is found by the man who is searching, it shall not be hidden from these men out of an apostate spirit.
When these things come to pass for the community in Israel, by these REGULATIONS they shall be separated from the midst of the session of the men of error TO GO TO THE WILDERNESS TO PREPARE THERE THE WAY OF YAHUAH; as it is written, “IN THE WILDERNESS PREPARE THE WAY OF YAHUAH; MAKE STRAIGHT IN THE DESERT A HIGHWAY FOR OUR ALHYM.” (Matt. 3:1-3, Mark 1:2-3, Luke 3:3-6, John 1:22-23, Isaiah 40:1-5, Malachi 3:1)
This is the study of the law, as he commanded through Moses, to do according to all that has been revealed from time to time, and as the prophets revealed by his HOLY SPIRIT.
Any man of the men of the community, of the covenant of the community, who willfully takes away a word from the whole commandment shall not touch the sacred food of the holy men; he shall not know any of their counsel until his works are cleansed from all error, so that he conducts himself blamelessly. Then he shall be admitted to the council as directed by the masters, and afterward he shall be registered in his position. According to this law shall it be done for everyone who is added to the community.
Three inkwells recovered, suggest that at least some of the scrolls were copied at the site.
1. Seek ALHYM…
2. All those who have offered themselves for His TRUTH
3. All who come into the order of the community
a. Shall pass over in the covenant before ALHYM, to do according to all that he has commanded, and not to turn away from following him because of any dread or terror or trial of fright in the dominion of Belial.
b. When they pass into the covenant, the priest and the Levites shall bless the ALHYM of salvation and all his works of truth. All those who are passing into the covenant shall say after them, “Amein, Amein
i. The Priest
1. Shall recount the righteous acts of ALHYM in his mighty works and tell all the acts of steadfast love and mercy upon Israel
a. The Priest shall bless all the men of ALHYM’s lot, who walk perfectly in all his ways, and shall say:“May he bless you from all good and keep you from all evil, may he enlighten your heart with life-giving prudence and be gracious to you with eternal peace.” (Numbers 6:24-26)
ii. The Levites
1. Shall recount the iniquities of the sons of Israel and all their guilty transgressions and sin in the dominion of Belial. The Levites shall curse all the men of Belial’s lot and shall answer and say: “Accursed may you be in all your wicked, guilty works; may ALHYM make you a horror through all those that wreak vengeance and send after you destruction through all those that pay recompense; accursed may you be without mercy according to the darkness of eternal fire. May ALHYM not be gracious to you when you call, and may he not pardon, forgiving your iniquities; may he lift up his angry countenance for vengeance upon you, and may there be no peace for you at the mouth of all those that hold enmity!”
And all who are passing over into the covenant shall say after those who bless and those who curse, “Amein, Amein!”
iii. The priest and Levites shall continue and say:
“Accursed for passing over with idols of his heart may he be who comes into this covenant and sets the stumbling block of his iniquity before him, turning back with it, and when he hears the words of this covenant blesses himself in his heart, saying, ‘May I have peace, because I walk in the stubbornness of my heart!” But his spirit will be swept away, the thirsty together with the sated, without pardon. The wrath of ALHYM and the jealousy of his judgements will burn in him to eternal destruction; and all the curses of this covenant will cleave to him; and ALHYM will set him apart for evil; and he will be cut off from the midst of all the sons of light, when he turns away from following ALHYM with his idols and the stumbling-block of his iniquity. He will put his lot in the midst of those accursed forever.”
And all who are coming into the covenant shall answer and say after them, Amein! Amein!”
So, shall they do year by year all the days of the dominion of Belial…
4. All who pass into the covenant, shall confess saying:
And all who are passing over into the covenant shall say after those who bless and those who curse, “Amein, Amein!”
5. How to know their appointed Positions
6. Everyone who refuses to enter ALHYMs covenant, walking in the stubbornness of his heart
Unclean, unclean he shall be all the days that he rejects the ordinances of ALHYM, not being instructed in the community of his counsel.
7. In the spirit of TRUE counsel (Proverbs 20:8)
According to (1 John 4:4-6) John goes into explaining the spirit of Truth and the spirit of Error. The Manual of Discipline goes deeper into explaining what these two spirits are.
The instructor's duty is to make all the sons of light understand and to teach them in the history of all the sons of man as to all their kinds of spirits with their signs, as to their works in their generations, and as to the visitation of their afflictions together with the periods of their recompense. From ALHYM of knowledge is all that is and that is to be; and before they came into being for their testimony according to His glorious design, they fulfilled their work; and nothing is to be changed. In his hand are the ordinances of all; and he provides for them in all their affairs.
He created man to have dominion over the world and made for him two spirits, that he might walk by them until the appointed time of his visitation; they are the spirits of truth and of error. In the abode of light are the origins of truth, and from the source of darkness are the origins of error. In the hand of the prince of lights is dominion over all the sons of righteousness; in the ways of light they walk. And in the hand of the angel of darkness is all dominion over the sons of error; and in the ways of darkness they walk. And by the angel of darkness is the straying of all the sons of righteousness, and all their sin and their iniquities and their guilt, and the transgressions of their works in his dominion according to the mysteries of ALHYM, until his time, and all their afflictions and the appointed times of their distress in the dominion of his enmity. And all the spirits of his lot try to make the sons of light stumble; but ALHYM of Israel and His angel of truth have helped all the sons of light. For He created the spirits of light and of darkness, and upon them He founded every work and upon their ways every service. One of the spirits ALHYM loves for all the ages of eternity and with all its deeds He is pleased forever; as for the other, He abhors its company, and all its ways He hates forever.
And these are their ways in the world: to shine in the heart of man and to make straight before him all the ways of true righteousness, and to make his heart be in dread of the judgments of ALHYM, and to induce a spirit of humility, and slowness to anger, and great compassion, and eternal goodness, and understanding and insight, and mighty wisdom, which is supported by all the works of ALHYM and leans upon the abundance of His steadfast love, and a spirit of knowledge in every thought or action, and zeal for righteous judgments, and holy thought with sustained purpose, and abundance of steadfast love for all the sons of truth, and glorious purity, abhorring all unclean idols, and walking humbly with prudence in all things, and concealing the truth of the mysteries of knowledge.
These are the counsels of the Spirit for the sons of the truth of the world and the visitation of all who walk by it, for healing and abundance of peace in length of days, and bringing forth seed, with all eternal blessings and everlasting joy in the life of eternity, and a crown of glory with raiment of majesty in everlasting light.
But to the spirit of error belong greediness, slackness of hands in the service of righteousness, wickedness and falsehood, pride and haughtiness, lying and deceit, cruelty and great impiety, quickness to anger and abundance of folly and proud jealousy, abominable works in a spirit of fornication and ways of defilement in the service of uncleanness, and a blasphemous tongue, blindness of eyes and dullness of ears, stiffness of neck and hardness of heart, walking in all the ways of darkness and evil cunning. And the visitation of all who walk by it is for abundance of afflictions by all destroying disgrace in the fire of dark places. And all their periods to their generations will be in sorrowful mourning and bitter calamity, in dark disasters until they are destroyed, having no remnant or any that escape.
In these two spirits are the origins of all the sons of man, and in their divisions all the hosts of men have their inheritance in their generations. In the ways of the two spirits men walk. And all the performance of their works is in their two divisions, according to each man's inheritance, whether much or little, for all the periods of eternity. For ALHYM has established the two spirits in equal measure until the last period and has put eternal enmity between their divisions. An abomination to truth are deeds of error, and an abomination to error are all the ways to truth. And contentious jealousy is on all their judgments, for they do not walk together.
But ALHYM in the mysteries of His understanding and in His glorious wisdom, has ordained a period for the ruin of error, and in the appointed time of punishment. He will destroy it forever. And then shall come out forever the truth of the world, for it was wallowed in the ways of wickedness in the dominion of error until the appointed time of judgment which has been decreed. And then ALHYM will refine in His truth all the deeds of a man, and will purify for Himself the frame of man, consuming every spirit of error hidden in his flesh, and cleansing him with a holy spirit from all wicked deeds. And He will sprinkle upon him a spirit of truth, like water for impurity, from all abominations of falsehood and wallowing in a spirit of impurity, to make the upright perceive the knowledge of the Most High and the wisdom of the sons of heaven, to instruct those whose conduct is blameless. For ALHYM has chosen them for an eternal covenant and theirs is all the glory of man; and there shall be no error, to the shame of all works of deceit.
Thus far the spirits of truth and of error struggle in the heart of a man; they walk in wisdom and folly; and according to each man's inheritance in truth he does right, and so he hates error; but according to his possession in the lot of error he does wickedly in it, and so he abhors truth. For in equal measure ALHYM has established the two spirits until the period which has been decreed and the making new; and He knows the performance of their works for all the periods of eternity. And He causes the sons of men to inherit them, that they may know good and evil, making the lots fall for every living man according to his spirit in the world, until the time of visitation.
1. They have offered to turn from all evil and to lay hold of all that he commanded according to his will.
2. To be separated from the congregation of the men of error
3. To become a community in law and in wealth
4. To answer when asked by the sons of Zadok, the priests who keep the covenant, and when asked by the majority of, the men of the community, who lay hold of the covenant. (1Peter 3:15)
a. At their regulation of the lot, shall be decided for every case regarding: (Acts 1:26, Prov 18:18, 1 Samuel 14:42, Lev. 16:8-10)
i. Law, wealth, or justice, to practice truth, unity, and humility, righteousness and justice and loyal love
ii. To walk humbly in all their ways, that each may not walk in the rebelliousness of his heart or go astray after his heart and his eyes and the thought of his guilty impulse.
iii. To circumcise in unity the uncircumcision of impulse and the stiff neck
iv. To lay a foundation of truth for Israel for the community of an eternal covenant.
v. To atone for all who offer themselves for holiness in Aaron and for a house of truth in Israel and those who joined with them for community and for controversy and for judgment, to condemn all who transgress the statue
1. When they are gathered together, everyone who comes into the council of the community:
a. They shall enter into the covenant of ALHYM in the sight of all who have offered themselves
b. He shall take it upon himself by binding oath to turn to the law of Moses, according to all that he commanded, with all his heart and with all his soul, to all that is revealed of it to the sons of Zadok, the priests who keep the covenant and who seek his will, and to the majority of the men of their covenant, who have offered themselves together to his truth and to walking in his good will.
c. He shall take it upon himself, in the covenant, to be separated from all the men of error who walk in the way of wickedness. (Acts 10:28, 2 Cor. 6:17, Rev. 18:4-6)
i. For these (the wicked) are not reckoned in his covenant, for they have not sought or searched for him in his statutes, to know the hidden things in which they have gone astray, incurring guilt, and the things revealed which they have done with a high hand, arousing anger leading to judgement and the wreaking of vengeance by the curses of the covenant, bringing upon themselves great judgements to eternal destruction without remnant.
ii. They shall not enter the water, in order to touch the sacred food of the holy men, for they will not be cleansed unless they have turned from their evil. For there is something unclean in all who transgress the word.
iii. He shall not be united with him in his work and in his wealth, lest he bring upon him guilty transgression, but shall keep far from him in everything, for thus it is written: “From everything false you shall keep far” (Exo. 23:1,7)
iv. No man of the men of the community shall answer when asked by them regarding any law or ordinance. (Matt. 7:6, Matt. 15:22-28)
v. He shall not eat or drink anything from their wealth, and shall not take from their hand anything at all except for a price, as it is written: “Cease from man, whose breath is in his nostrils, for f what worth is he reckoned?”(Isaiah 2:22, John 4:5-9)
vi. For all that is not reckoned in his covenant are to be separated with all that is theirs.
vii. A holy man shall not lean upon any works of vanity; for vain are all those who do not know his covenant.
viii. All those who despise his word he will destroy from the world, and all their works are but impurity before him; and there is something unclean in all their wealth.
2. When he enters the covenant to do according to all these statues, to be united for a holy congregation, they shall:
a. Investigate his spirit in the community, between man and his neighbor, according to his understanding and his works in the law. (1 John 4:1)
i. They shall have an investigation of the spirits and their works, year by year
1. To elevate each one according to his understanding and the perfection of his way or put him back according to his perversions, so that each one may reprove his neighbor in truth and humility and loyal love for each one.
ii. As directed by who?
1. As directed by the sons of Aaron, who:
a. have offered themselves in unity to establish his covenant
b. have charge of all his statues which he commanded men to do
2. As directed by majority of Israel, who:
a. Have offered themselves to turn in unity to his covenant.
b. They shall be registered in order
i. Each before his neighbor
ii. According to his understanding and works, so that every one of them shall obey his neighbor.
iii. the lesser obeying the greater, in regards too, wages and property.
c. One shall not speak to his brother in: (Lev. 19:17-18, 1 John 3:14-15)
i. anger or in resentment (Matt. 5:22)
ii. Stiff neck
iii. Hard heart (Hebrews 3:8)
iv. Wicked spirit
v. Do not hate him in the folly of his heart
d. In his days he shall reprove him and shall not bring upon him iniquity (Gala. 6:1)
e. A man shall not bring against his neighbor a word before the master without having rebuked him before witnesses. (1 Cor. 5:1-8, Matt. 18:15-17)
f. Together they shall:
i. Eat (Acts 2:46, Acts 20:7)
ii. Worship (Acts 2:46, Acts 20:7)
iii. Counsel (Proverbs 19:20, Proverbs 15:22, Proverbs 20:18)
3. In every place where there are ten men of the council of the community:
a. There shall not be absent from them a priest
i. According to each of their positions they should sit before him
1. And from the place where the ten are they shall never be absent a man who searches the law by day and night, by turns, one after another
2. The masters shall keep watch together a third of all the nights of the year, reading the book and searching for justice, and worshiping together.
3. They shall be asked for their counsel regarding everything
b. When they set the table to eat or the wine to drink
i. The priest shall stretch out his hand first to pronounce a blessing with the first portion of the bread and the wine. (Matt. 26:20,26-28)
1. How the Masters, shall be seated
2. They shall be asked concerning
3. A man shall not speak, in the midst, of his neighbor’s words, before his brother finishes speaking (Ecclesiasticus 4:29, 11:8)
a. He shall not speak before his position which is written before him. (Ecclesiasticus 4:29)
b. The man who is asked shall speak in his turn, and in the session of the masters a man shall not speak a word which is not to the liking of the masters. (Ecclesiasticus 32:7, Job 32:4)
c. When the man, who is the superintendent over the masters, or any man who has a word to speak to the masters, but who is not in the position of the one asking the community’s counsel, the man shall stand on his feet and say, “I have a word to speak to the masters.” If they tell him he shall speak. (Ecclesiasticus 4:23)
d. Everyone who has offered himself from Israel to be added to the council of the community, shall be examined by the man appointed at the head of the masters as to his understanding and his works. (Prov.1:5)
i. If he comprehends instruction:
1. he shall bring him into the covenant, to turn to the truth and to turn away from all error
2. he shall explain to him all the ordinances of the community.
3. Then later, when he comes in to stand before the masters, they shall all be questioned about his affairs; and as the lot determines, according to the counsel of the masters, he shall be admitted or depart. (Acts 1:26)
1. He shall not touch the sacred food of the masters, until they examine him as to his spirit and his deeds when he has completed a whole year; more over he shall not participate in the wealth of the masters.
a. When he has completed a year within the community:
i. The masters shall be questioned about his affairs, as to his understanding and his deeds in the law.
(1 John 3:18)
ii. If the lot determines that he shall be admitted to the assembly of the community, as directed by the priests and the majority of the men of their covenant, his wealth and his wages shall be put at the disposal of the man who has supervision over the wages of the masters, and he shall enter it in the account at his disposal, but shall not spend it for the masters. (Acts 1:24-26, Acts 2:37-45)
2. The new member shall not touch the sacred drink of the masters until he has completed a second year among the men of the community.
a. When he has completed the second year:
i. He shall be examined with questioning by the masters.
ii. If the lot determines that he is to be admitted to the community, he shall be registered in the order of his position among his brethren, for law and for judgement and for the sacred food and for the sharing of his property; and the community shall have his counsel and his judgement (Matt. 19:21, Acts 2:45, Acts 4:32-37, Acts 5:1-11)
1. If there is a man who lies about his wealth, and knows it, he shall be excluded from the sacred food of the masters for a year and shall be deprived of a fourth of his food ration. (Eph. 4:25, Colo. 3:9-10)
2. One who answers his neighbor with a stiff neck, or speaks with impatience, breaking the foundation of his fellowship by disobeying his neighbor who is registered before him, his own hand has delivered him; therefore, he shall be punished for a year. (Lev. 19:18, Matt. 22:39)
3. Any man who mentions anything by the Name which is honored above all shall be set apart.
4. If one has cursed either when frightened by trouble or for any reason he may have, while he is reading the book or pronouncing a blessing, he shall be set apart and shall not return again, to the council of the community. (1 Cor. 6:9-10, Eph. 4:29, James 3:10, Prov. 4:24, Rom. 3:14)
5. If he spoke in wrath against the priests registered in the book, he shall be punished for a year and set apart by himself from the sacred food of the masters. But if he spoke unintentionally, he shall be punished six months. (Acts 23:5, Exo. 22:28)
6. One who lies about what he knows shall be punished six months. (Eph. 4:25, Prov. 19:5, Prov. 6:16-19)
7. A man who without justification knowingly denounces his neighbor shall be punished for a year and set apart.
8. One who speaks craftily with his neighbors, or knowingly perpetrates a fraud, shall be punished six months. (Lev. 6:2-5)
9. If he commits a fraud against his neighbor, he shall be punished three months; if he commits a fraud against the wealth of the community, causing its loss, he shall repay it in full. If he is not able to pay it, he shall be punished sixty days.
10. One who bears a grudge against his neighbor without justification shall be punished six months; so also, he who takes vengeance for himself for anything. (Lev. 19:18)
11. One who speaks with his mouth the word of a fool shall be punished three months. (Eph. 5:3-4)
12. For one who speaks while his neighbor is speaking the punishment shall be ten days. (Ecclesiasticus 4:29, 11:8)
13. One who lie down and goes to sleep during a session of the masters, thirty days.
14. So also, a man who leaves during a session of the masters unadvisedly and without cause as many as three times at one session shall be punished ten days; but if they object and he leaves, he shall be punished thirty days.
15. One who walks before his neighbor naked, when he didn’t have to do so, shall be punished six months.
16. A man who spits into the midst of the session of the masters shall be punished thirty days.
17. One who brings his hand out from beneath his robe when it is torn, so that his nakedness is seen, shall be punished thirty days.
18. One who laughs foolishly making his voice heard, shall be punished thirty days. (Ecclesiasticus 19:30, 21:20; Ecclesiastes 7:6)
19. One who brings out his left hand and gesticulate with it shall be punished ten days.
20. A man who gossips about his neighbor shall be separated for a year from the sacred food of the masters, and he shall be punished; and a man who gossips about the masters is to be dismissed from among them and shall not come back again. (Prov. 25:9, Rom. 16:17-18, Prov. 17:9, 1 Tim. 5:13, 2 Tim. 2:16, Titus 3:2, Prov. 11:13, Ecclesiasticus 28:13-15)
21. A man who murmurs against the institution of the community shall be dismissed and shall not come back; but if he murmurs against his neighbor without justification, he shall be punished six months. (Wisdom of Solomon 1:11)
22. If a man’s spirit wavers from the institution of the community, so that he becomes a traitor to the truth and walks in the stubbornness of his heart; if he repents, he shall be punished two years. (1 Samuel 15:23, Prov. 16:18)
a. During the first, he shall not touch the sacred food of the masters.
b. During the second, he shall not touch the drink of the masters, and he shall be seated after all the men of the community.
c. When his two years are completed, the masters shall be asked about his case. If they admit him, he shall be registered in his position; and after that he shall be asked for judgement.
23. If any man is in the council of the community for ten full years, and his spirit turns back so that he becomes a traitor to the community and goes out from before the masters to walk in the stubbornness of his heart, he shall not come back again to the council of the community. If any man, of the men of the community, partakes with him of his sacred food, or of his wealth which he has delivered to the masters, his sentence shall be like his; he shall be dismissed. (Exo. 23:2)
1. Any man of them who transgresses a word of the law of Moses overtly or with deceit
a. Shall be dismissed from the council of the community and shall not come back again.
b. None of the holy men shall participate in his wealth or in his counsel concerning anything.
c. If he acts unintentionally, he shall be separated from the sacred food and the council.
i. They shall interpret the ordinance that he shall not judge a man or be asked concerning any counsel for two years.
ii. If his conduct is perfect in the meeting, in interpretation, and in counsel as directed by the masters; if he has not again sinned unintentionally by the completion of his two years, because for one unintentional sin, he shall be punished for two years.
iii. Only he who sins unintentionally shall be tested for two years, that his conduct and his counsel may be perfected under the direction of the masters, after that he shall be registered in his position for the holy community.
d. If he acts deliberately, he shall not come back again.
When these things come to pass in Israel according to all these regulations, FOR A FOUNDATION OF A HOLY SPIRIT, for eternal truth, for a ransom for the guilt of transgression and sinful faithfulness, and for acceptance for the land more than the flesh of whole burnt offerings and the fats of sacrifice, and an offering of the lips for justice like the pleasing quality of righteousness and perfect conduct like a willing gift of an acceptable offering; AT THAT TIME THE MEN OF THE COMMUNITY SHALL BE SET APART, a house of holiness for Aaron, to be united as a holy of holies and a house of community for Israel, those who conduct themselves blamelessly. Only the sons of Aaron shall administer judgement and wealth, and as they direct the lot shall determine for every regulation of the men of the community (Acts 1:26, Prov 18:18, 1 Samuel 14:42, Lev. 16:8-10).
2. The wealth of the holy men, who conduct themselves blamelessly:
a. Their wealth shall not be combined with the wealth of the men of deceit, who have not purified their conduct by separating themselves from error and conducting themselves blamelessly.
b. They shall not depart from any council of the law, walking in all the stubbornness of their hearts.
c. They shall be judged by the first judgements by which the men of the community began to be disciplined, until there shall come a prophet and the Messiah of Aaron and Israel.
These are the statues for the wise man, that he may walk in them with every living being, according to the regulations of one time and another and the weight of one man and another; to do the will of ALHYM according to all that has been revealed for each time at that time; and to learn all the wisdom that has been found, according to the time, and the statue of the time; and to set apart and weigh the sons of Zadok according to the spirit; and to hold firmly to the elect of the time according to his will, as he commanded. According to each man’s spirit he is to be given his due; according to cleanness of each man’s hands he is to be admitted; and according to his understanding he is to be accepted; so too his love together with his hate.
There must not be no admonitions or contention wit the men of the pit, for the counsel of the law must be concealed among the men of error; but there must be admonition of true knowledge and righteous judgement for those who choose “THE WAY;” each according to his spirit, according to the regulation of the time, to guide them in knowledge and so to give them understanding in the marvelous mysteries and truth among the men of the community, that they may conduct themselves blamelessly, each wit his neighbor, in all that has been revealed to them, THAT IS THE TIME FOR CLEARING “THE WAY” TO THE WILDERNESS, to give them understanding of all that has been found to be done at this time; and to be separated from every man, and not to pervert his way because of any error.
The regulations of “THE WAY” for the wise man in these times, for the love together with his hate, eternal hate for the men of the pit in a spirit of concealment, leaving to them wealth and manual labor like a slave for the man who rules over him, and humility before the man who has the mastery over him. Each one must be zealous for the statue and its time, for the day of vengeance, to do what is acceptable in everything he puts his hands to, and in all his dominion as he commanded; and everything done in it will be accepted freely.
With nothing but the will of ALHYM shall a man be concerned,
but with all the words of His mouth shall he be pleased;
he shall not desire anything which He did not command,
but to the ordinance of ALHYM he shall look always.
In every period that is to be he shall bless his Maker,
and in whatever state he is he shall tell of His righteousness.
With an offering of the lips he shall bless Him
throughout the periods which A has decreed:
at the beginning of the dominion of light, through its
circuit, and at its ingathering to its decreed dwelling;
at the beginning of the watches of darkness,
when He opens His treasury and appoints it for a time;
and at its circuit, together with its ingathering before the light,
when lights appear from the holy habitation, together with their
ingathering to the glorious dwelling;
at the coming in of seasons in days of the new moon,
both their circuit and their connection one with another.
When they renew themselves, the M is large for the holy of
holies; and the letter N is for the key of His eternal,
steadfast love. At the heads of seasons in every period to be,
at the beginning of months for their seasons
and holy days in their fixed order,
for a memorial in their seasons,
with an offering of the lips I will bless Him
as a decree engraved forever.
At the heads of years and in the circuit of their seasons,
when the circle of their fixed order
completes the day ordained for it,
one leading to another: the season of reaping to summer,
the season of sowing to the season of vegetation,
seasons of years to weeks of them,
and at the head of their weeks for a season of emancipation;
as long as I exist a decree engraved shall be on my tongue
for fruit of praise and for a gift of my lips.
I will sing with knowledge,
and all my music shall be for the glory of ALHYM;
my lyre and harp shall be for His holy fixed order,
and the flute of my lips I will raise in His just circle.
With the coming of day and night
I will enter the covenant of ALHYM;
and with the outgoing of evening and morning
I will speak His decrees:
and while they exist I will set my limit
so that I may not turn back.
His judgment I will pronounce, according to my perversity --
for my transgression is before my eyes -- like a statute engraved.
And to God I will say, "My righteousness";
to the Most High, "Foundation of my goodness,
Source of knowledge and Fountain of holiness,
Height of glory and Strength of all,
to eternal majesty!"
I will choose as He teaches me,
And I will be pleased as He judges me.
When I begin to put forth my hands and my feet,
I will bless His name;
when I begin to go out or come in,
when I sit down or stand up,
and as I lie on my couch, I will sing aloud to Him;
I will bless Him with an offering of the utterance of my lips
more than the oblation spread out by men.
Before I raise my hand to satisfy myself
with the delights of what the world produces,
in the dominion of fear and terror,
the place of distress with desolation,
I will bless Him, giving special thanks.
One His might I will meditate,
and on His steadfast love I will lean all the day;
for I know that in His hand is the judgment of every living man,
and all His works are truth.
When distress is let loose I will praise Him,
and when I am delivered I will sing praise also.
I will not render to a man the recompense of evil;
with good I will pursue a man;
for with God is the judgment of every living man;
and He will repay to a man his recompense.
I will not be jealous of an evil spirit;
wealth got by violence my soul shall not desire;
and the abundance of a man of the pit I will not seize
until the day of vengeance;
but my anger I will not turn back from men of error,
and I will not be pleased until He has established judgment.
I will not remain angry with those who turn from transgression
but I will not have mercy on any who turn aside from the way,
and I will not show favor to those who are smitten until
their conduct is blameless.
I will not keep baseness in my heart,
and folly shall not be heard in my mouth;
iniquitous falsehood, deceits, and lies
shall not be found on my lips;
but the fruit of holiness shall be on my tongue,
and abominable things shall not be found on it.
With thanksgivings I will open my mouth,
the righteous acts of God shall my tongue recount always
and the faithlessness of men
until their transgression is complete.
Empty words I will banish from my lips,
unclean things and perversions from the knowledge of my mind.
With wise counsel I will conceal knowledge,
and with knowing prudence I will hedge about wisdom
with a firm limit, to preserve fidelity
and strong justice according to the righteousness of God.
I will exalt the decree with the measuring-line of times,
and will teach the practice of righteousness,
loyal love for the humble,
and strengthening of hands for the fearful of heart;
for the erring in spirit understanding;
to instruct the fainting with doctrine,
to answer humbly before the haughty of spirit,
and with a broken spirit to men of injustice,
who point the finger and speak wickedly
and are envious of wealth.
But as for me, my judgment belongs to God,
and in His hand is the blamelessness of my conduct
together with the uprightness of my heart;
and in His righteousness my transgression will be wiped out.
For from the source of His knowledge He has opened up
my eye has gazed into His wonders
and the light of my heart penetrates the mystery that is to be.
That which is eternal is the staff of my right hand;
on a strong rock is the way I tread;
before nothing will it be shaken.
For the faithfulness of God is the rock I tread,
and His strength is the staff of my right hand.
From the source of His righteousness is my judgment.
A light is in my heart from His marvelous mysteries;
my eye has gazed on that which is eternal, sound wisdom
which is hidden from the man of knowledge,
and prudent discretion from the sons of man,
a source of righteousness and reservoir of strength
together with a spring of glory
hidden from the company of flesh.
To those whom God has chosen,
He has given them for an eternal possession;
He has given them an inheritance in the lot of the holy ones
and with the sons of heaven has associated their company
for a council of unity and a company of a holy building,
for an eternal planting through every period that is to be.
But I belong to wicked mankind,
to the company of erring flesh;
my iniquities, my transgression, my sin,
with the iniquity of my heart belong
to the company of worms and those who walk in darkness.
For the way of a man is not his own.
A man does not direct his own steps;
for judgment is God's,
and from His hand is blamelessness to conduct.
By His knowledge everything comes to pass;
and everything that is He establishes by His purpose;
and without Him it is not done.
As for me, if I slip,
the steadfast love of God is my salvation forever;
and if I stumble in the iniquity of flesh,
my vindication in the righteousness of God
will stand to eternity.
If He lets loose my distress,
from the pit He will deliver my soul;
He will direct my steps to the way.
In His mercy He has brought me near,
And in His steadfast love He will bring my vindication.
In His faithful righteousness He has judged me,
and in the abundance of His goodness
He will forgive all my iniquities.
And in His righteousness He will cleanse me
from the impurity of man, from the sin of the sons of man.
Thanks be to God for His righteousness,
to the Most High for His majesty!
Blessed art Thou, O my God,
Who openest to knowledge the heart of Thy servant.
Direct in righteousness all His works
and establish the son of Thy handmaid,
as Thou didst accept the elect of mankind
to stand before Thee forever.
For without Thee, conduct will not be blameless,
and apart from Thy will nothing will be done.
It is Thou that hast taught all knowledge;
and everything that has come to pass has been by Thy will.
And there is no other beside Thee
to oppose Thy counsel,
to understand all Thy holy purpose,
to gaze into the depth of Thy mysteries,
or to comprehend all Thy marvels,
together with the strength of Thy power.
Who is able to bear Thy glory.
And what then is he,
the son of man, among Thy marvelous works;
what shall one born of woman be accounted before Thee?
As for him, he was kneaded from dust,
and the food of worms is his portion.
He is an emission of spittle, a cut-off bit of clay,
and his desire is for the dust.
What will clay reply, a thing formed by hand?
What counsel will it understand?
Masada,Ein Gedi Qumran waterfall